AskDefine | Define egotism

Dictionary Definition

egotism

Noun

1 an exaggerated opinion of your own importance [syn: self-importance, swelled head]
2 an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others [syn: ego, self-importance]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From ego + -t- + -ism

Noun

  1. A tendency to talk excessively about oneself.
  2. A belief that one is superior to or more important than others.
  3. Egoism.

See also

Translations

preoccupation with oneself
belief that one is superior

Extensive Definition

Egotism is the motivation to maintain and enhance favorable views of self. Egotism means placing oneself at the center of one's world with direct concern for no other.
It is closely related to narcissism, or "loving one's self," and the possible tendency to speak or write of oneself boastfully and at great length. Egotism may coexist with delusions of one's own importance, at the denial of others. This conceit is a character trait describing a person who acts to gain values in an amount excessively greater than that which he/she gives to others. Egotism is often accomplished by exploiting the altruism, irrationality and ignorance of others, as well as utilizing coercive force and/or fraud.
Egotism differs from both altruism, or acting to gain fewer values than are being given, and egoism, a determination to gain and give an equal amount or degree of values. Various forms of "empirical egoism" can be consistent with egotism, as long as the value of one's own self-benefit is entirely individual.

Etymology

The term "egotism" is derived from the Latin ego, meaning "self" or "I", and English, -ism, used to denote a philosophy. As such, the term is etymologically related very closely with egoism.

See also

egotism in Arabic: أنانية
egotism in German: Egotismus
egotism in Spanish: Egotismo
egotism in Italian: Egotismo
egotism in Malay (macrolanguage): Egoisme
egotism in Serbian: Egoizam
egotism in Serbo-Croatian: Egotizam

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

acquisitiveness, arrogance, autism, boastfulness, boasting, bragging, careerism, conceit, conceitedness, contempt, ego, ego trip, egocentricity, egocentrism, egoism, egoisticalness, egotisticalness, gasconade, gasconism, graspingness, greed, individualism, interest, megalomania, narcissism, personal aims, personal ambition, personal desires, personalism, possessiveness, pride, privatism, remoteness, self-absorption, self-admiration, self-advancement, self-centeredness, self-centerment, self-consequence, self-consideration, self-containment, self-devotion, self-esteem, self-importance, self-indulgence, self-interest, self-interestedness, self-jealousy, self-love, self-occupation, self-pleasing, self-seeking, self-serving, self-solicitude, self-sufficiency, selfishness, selfism, superiority, vainglory, vainness, vaunting
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